National Symbols of Sri Lanka
THE NATIONAL FLAG
The National Flag of Sri Lanka has been designed with great care and purpose. The significance of each symbols of the National Flag is as follows .
The lion in the flag represents the Sinhala race. The sword of the lion represents the sovereignty of the county . The noble eight-fold path of Buddhism is signified by the lion’s tail . Curly hair on the lion’s head indicates wisdom and meditation . The beard denotes purity of words .The handle of the sword highlights the elements of water , fire , air and earth . The nose indicates intelligence . The two front paws purport to purity in handling wealth . The vertical strips of orange represents minority Tamil race and green the minority Muslim race .
Sri Lanka used the British emblem when it was a British Crown Colony . We continued to use it even after gaining independence in 1948 . According to the recommendation of a select committee appointed to devise a state emblem more suitable for Sri Lanka (Ceylon) we opted for a new emblem . It had lion with a ‘Palapethi’ design atop . Below there was a strip carrying the country’s name in Sinhala ,Tamil and English . A new republican emblem was chosen after the country was declared a Republic on May 22nd ,1972 . In addition to the lion with sword and the ‘Palapethi ‘design it portrays the punkalasa , dhamachakka , sun , moon and two sheaves of paddy .
Sri Lanka Matha , apa Sri Lanka ,
A proposal made to declare the Na Tree as the National Tree was adopted by the Cabinet on February 26th ,1986 , Socially and culturally we have been closely associated with the Na Tree for centuries. It was chosen as the National Tree for 7 reasons .
Nil Manel or blue water lily
In February 1986 blue water lily was chosen as the National flower. Found all the part of Sri Lanka and grows in the shallow water. Petals arranged like a star and the flat round waterproof leaves are bright green. It`s a symbol of purity and truth. It has a sweet fragrance and used for offering at Buddhist Temples and rituals for god Vishnu.Sigiriya frescoes of women holds these flowers in their hands. Seeds and the tubes used as a vegetable by villagers and also leaves, stem and flowers used in herbal medicine and dried flowers used to make pillows and says It produces happy dreams…
Wali kukula or Ceylon Jungle fowl or Gallus Lafayetti.Jungle fawl the National Bird of Sri Lanka is commonest in the National Parks and forests.A typical fowl strutting about and scratching the ground for food.
The Cabinet has given approval for adoption of the blue sapphire as a National Gemstone of Sri Lanka, and to issue a stamp with the picture of the blue sapphire concurrently so as to give publicity to this initiative. The stamp is released as the National Gem Blue Sapphire and also commemorate the certification date (21.10.1993) of National Gem and Jewellery Authority Act.